elbow

[OE] Logically enough, elbow means etymologically ‘arm bend’. It comes from a prehistoric West and North Germanīc *alinobogan (which also produced German ellenbogen, Dutch elleboog, and Danish albue). This was a compound formed from *alinā ‘forearm’ and *bogan (source of English bow). However, there is a further twist. For *alinā (source also of English ell [OE], a measure of length equal to that of the forearm) itself goes back ultimately to an Indo-European base *el-, *ele- which itself meant ‘bend’, and produced not just words for ‘forearm’ (such as Latin ulna), but also words for ‘elbow’ (such as Welsh elin). So at this deepest level of all, elbow means tautologically ‘bend bend’. => BOW, ELL, ULNA
* * *
   The word arose as a combination of words that are now ell, originally meaning 'arm,' and bow, 'bend.' The elbow is thus (obviously) the bend of the arm.

The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Elbow — Марк Поттер (слева) и Гай Гарви Основная информация …   Википедия

  • Elbow — El bow, n. [AS. elboga, elnboga (akin to D. elleboga, OHG. elinbogo, G. ellbogen, ellenbogen, Icel. ?lnbogi; prop.; arm bend); eln ell (orig., forearm) + boga a bending. See 1st {Ell}, and 4th {Bow}.] 1. The joint or bend of the arm; the outer… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Elbow — El bow, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Elbowed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Elbowing}.] To push or hit with the elbow, as when one pushes by another. [1913 Webster] They [the Dutch] would elbow our own aldermen off the Royal Exchange. Macaulay. [1913 Webster] {To… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Elbow — steht für folgende Orte: Elbow (Saskatchewan), Ort in Kanada Elbow (Texas), Ort in den Vereinigten Staaten weiteres Bedeutungen: Elbow (Band) Siehe auch Elbow Lake Diese Seite i …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • elbow — c.1200, elbowe, from O.E. elnboga, from ell length of the forearm + boga bow, arch, from W.Gmc. *alinobogan, from P.Gmc. *elino bugon, lit. bend of the forearm (Cf. M.Du. ellenboghe, Du. elleboog, O.H.G. elinbogo, Ger. Ellenbogen, O.N …   Etymology dictionary

  • elbow — ► NOUN 1) the joint between the forearm and the upper arm. 2) a piece of piping or something similar bent through an angle. ► VERB 1) strike with one s elbow. 2) push roughly away. 3) (often elbow one s way) move by pushing past people with one s …   English terms dictionary

  • elbow — [el′bō΄] n. [ME elbowe < OE elboga < PGmc * alino boga (> Ger ellenbogen): see ELL2 & BOW2] 1. a) the joint between the upper and lower arm; esp., the outer part of the angle made by a bent arm b) the joint corresponding to this in the… …   English World dictionary

  • Elbow — El bow, v. i. 1. To jut into an angle; to project or to bend after the manner of an elbow. [1913 Webster] 2. To push rudely along; to elbow one s way. Purseproud, elbowing Insolence. Grainger. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • elbow — [n] angular part of arm; angularly shaped item ancon, angle, bend, bow, corner, crazy bone*, crook, crutch, curve, fork, funny bone*, half turn, hinge, joint, turn; concepts 418,436 elbow [v] push aside bend, bulldoze, bump, crowd, hook, hustle,… …   New thesaurus

  • Elbow — Elbow, Eiland der Gruppe Bahamas, s.d. 1) A) c) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • elbow — index jostle (bump into) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

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